Actos (pioglitazone) is an oral prescription medication that is used to treat symptoms and regulate blood sugar levels in people who suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus, with the combined use of proper diet and exercise. This medication is not effective in treating type 1 diabetes.
When using Actos, follow your doctor’s instructions exactly and take the medication with or without food.
Those who suffer from low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) may experience symptoms such as, headache, hunger, sweating, irritability, dizziness, nausea, and shakiness, so it is important to always carry a source of glucose with you at all times.
If your hypoglycemia is so severe that you cannot eat or drink, ask your doctor to prescribe you a glucagon injection kit in case of an emergency.
Keep in mind that blood sugar levels can be affected by certain things such as stress, illness, surgery, exercise, alcohol, and skipping meals.
If you currently have serious heart failure that has not been controlled, an active bladder cancer, or diabetic ketoacidosis, you should avoid the use of this pioglitazone.
This medication is only approved to be used by adults over the age of eighteen.
To ensure the safety of use for this medication, make sure your doctor is aware of your full medical history, especially if you have had a congestive heart failure or heart disease, a heart attack or stroke, eye problems caused by diabetes, bladder cancer, or liver disease.
It is important to be aware that the use of pioglitazone may potentially increase the risk of unintended pregnancy as this medication may stimulate ovulation in women who have not gone through menopause.
There is a potential risk of side effects with the use of any prescription medication, and it is important to be aware of them before starting treatment.
Some common side effects of Actos may include headache, muscle pain, and cold symptoms.
Also, more uncommon, yet serious side effects of Actos may include shortness of breath, tiredness, swelling, sudden weight gain, pink or red urine, difficult or painful urination, vision changes, and sudden pain in your hand, arm, or foot.
It is important to discuss this with your doctor before starting your treatment with Actos. Insulin use in combination with Actos may greatly increase your potential risk of severe heart complications.
When you are not using Actos, store your medication safely in a cool, dry, and dark environment out of reach from children and pets.